Ali Pashe Tepelena synonyms, Ali Pashe Tepelena pronunciation, Ali Pashe Tepelena translation, English dictionary definition of Ali Pashe Tepelena. n known. a Hty Gerald Jaupi History of the Ottoman Empire Ali Pasha: “ The lion Of Janina” “My, my, you love him a lot! What do you want, to canonize him. Ali Pasha Tepelena was born in at Tepelenë in southern Albania, and in his youth was a leader of brigands. Later he entered the service.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. What do you want, to canonize him? He was standing when we came in; which was meant as a compliment, for a Turk of consequence never rises to receive anyone but his superior, and, if he wishes to be condescending, contrives to be found standing.

Turks called him formidable and dangerous, but knew he was powerful enough to defend himself and his people. And his people called him awesome and protective; they would undoubtedly stand up for him and fight for him whenever it would be necessary.

He was harsh, but just, generous but reasonable; he was controversial, and that is why respected and indefensible. Ali Pasha Tepelena of Janina was and still remains undoubtedly one of the brightest figures in the history of the Ottoman Empire. He was a ruthless and aggressive, and this is what helped him to hold his territories in firm control, prevent invasions and betrayals. His aims were to enlarge his territorial possessions as much as possible, pay revenge to personal enemies and 1 Fleming, Katherine Elizabeth.

Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Apr. A Meeting with Ali Pasha in Tepelena. Texts and Documents of Albanian History. Gradeva Hty become the ruler of independent Albania. His soldiers were loyal to him, and Ali himself was just and wise towards his people. Through his strictness, severity and impartiality, people of various religions and nations were getting along under his control.

Everybody knew Ali Pasha made no mistakes; he judged and ruled without any bias, preference or prejudice. Justice was the main ruling force during his dictatorship.

Moreover, Ali Pasha managed to bring Albanian people together, prevent them from oppression and protect their independence. Along with this, he brought a significant part of Greek lands under his reign7 and controlled and protected successfully his possessions — he owned the pashhe territory that had ever been ruled by a pasha in the empire. During the rule of Ali Pasha, Janina was one of the most prosperous regions in the Western part of the Empire.

And even though pashr Ottomans did not recognize Janina and Shkodra8 as independent pashaluks9, they always considered them as separate regions.

Ali Pasha Tepelena was the first one within several centuries, who managed to bring order, fepelena and stability to Epirus In order to maintain justice all pashd the region, he opened courts in every city and town. Along with judiciary, education of the Epirus residents was also taken under a serious control — elementary schools with mandatory three days attendance, religious high schools; Ali Pasha also established the first university of Janina, where the lectures were held not only in Turkish, but also in Albanian, Italian and Greek languages.

He also took care about the hygiene and sanitation matter, therefore, every major city of the region had a hospital.


Along with that, numerous shopping malls and markets were opened. Not only education, economy, trade pasje medical service, but also religious aspect was brought to a higher level. For Ali Pasha api people were equal, despite of their religion or ethnicity. He treated each religion with pahse, therefore various mosques, synagogues and churches were built during his reign.

Who Was Ali Pasha of Janina. Gradeva Hty what a sultan could put blame on Ali Pasha; and at the same time he was polite and careful with his superiors.

Improving and empowering the region, Ali Pasha did not forget about the higher authority and never failed to send lavish gifts to the sultan as a sign of respect and gratitude. His father, Veli Bey, was murdered during the seizure of the territories of his tribe.

Ali Pashe Tepelena | Geri Jaupi –

Arguments, assaults and oppressions among women were constantly soaring in the air. Although Hanka was a woman of a strong character and severe morals, she was tired of constant assaults and could not bear the depression any more. When the terrorists set the palace of Veli Pasha on fire and poisoned all his children, the widow of Islam Bey made everyone tepeelna that Hanka did that as revenge.

People believed her and captured Hanka. tepeleha

Being a hostage of the Hormova village people, Hanka was maltreated, abused and raped. A woman of a strong character, manners and pride, she swore wli pay a revenge for the people of Hormova for ruining her youth: Since then, one of the main goals for Ali Pasha was the revenge for his mother, punished, disregarded and mistreated for nothing. He was waiting for any possibility to pay back the people of Hormova and Gardhiqi.

His first attempt was a fail: He was immature and had no power to make his plan come true, and got defeated by the Gardhiqi and Hormova people who were expecting him to come. Later, after Ali had been granted the title of Pasha by the Sultan and gained some power, he did not only revenge, but massacred the whole population of two villages and put the houses on fire.

That was a dreadful and violent act. Dead bodies were left on the ground to rot, and the villages continued to burn till nothing was left on that land.

Ali Pasha Tepelena (1740-1822)

Later, talking about his mother, Ali Pasha would say: Twice she gave me my life, as a man and as a ruler. She kindled my imagination and showed me my destiny. Gradeva Hty evil; what is love and trust and what is hatred and betrayal.

And this is what affected is later ruling policy — extreme desire to be just and generous, unprejudiced and protective, no matter if it could look severe and harsh.

England, France and Russia. Moreover, he supported Greeks in their struggle against Turks. The sultan and the Ottoman officials did not like Ali Pasha either. He was too suspicious for them because of his good relations with powerful states, especially Britain. Also, growing prosperity and independence of Janina was becoming a matter of disturbance. Ali knew this, and decided to cut his contributions to the Ottomans. This fact unpleasantly surprised Mahmud II who was ruling at that time.

Along with this, the foreign policy conditions were worsening step by step: Also, Ali never liked Russians, and this was becoming more and more transparent for Russia France started pressing on Turkey, using the misunderstandings between Istanbul and Janina in order to avert the war against Ali Pasha.


Also, Russia and France were putting tremendous efforts in order to evoke a conflict between Ali and Suliots16, or Suljas17 that lasted approximately 13 years. Along with this, France was not in favor of the emergence of powerful and independent Albania. What concerns England, regardless of good relations, this state was also not supporting the idea of Albanian independence. All the countries were pressed by the possibility of war with the Ottoman Empire. The oppression on Ali Pasha was thickening.

His was getting old, and his health was betraying him more and more often. Ali Pasha rebellions against the Turkish Empire. All Albanian population joined the rebellion. The opportunity of high education that Ali Pasha gave to Albanians the University of Janina served as an impetus for Albanians to support Ali Pasha in the war against Turkey.

The main goal of the war was to establish a strong, powerful, independent and prosperous state of Albania, and Ali Pasha wanted to be the head of this state. Moreover, Albanian people were the ones who contributed the most to the wealth of the Empire, and they were the ones who were harmed the most by the Ottomans. So, already old and sick, but still brave Ali started the war which brought independence and freedom not only to Albania, but to the whole Balkan Peninsula. Ali received assistance from Britain in the form of guns and ammunition.

One of the reasons for the Ottomans not to like Ali Pasha of Janina was exactly good and peaceful relations with Britain. At this time Napoleon decided to declare war against Ali Pasha of Janina. It was quite a rash decision, because Napoleon knew France could be destroyed in this war, and Ali was able to raise a powerful army in a very short period of time. Albanians were known as the strongest and most skilled warriors. They could survive in conditions that any other nation could bear.

Napoleon was aware of that, but still held his ground. After several years of fighting with the Ottomans pushed in the back by France and Russia, in Januaryon the Lake Pamvotis Ali was offered a full pardon and asked to surrender.

His head was cut off and brought to the sultan. His wife Vasiliqi, was brought to Constantinople. She was still very young, but refused to everyone attempting to ask her for a marriage: Even though his harshness and severe manner of ruling was acknowledged by everyone, villagers paid the last respect for Ali, their defender, brave and just pasha: He is the person, to whom not only Albania, but the whole Balkans owed their independence.

Gradeva Hty Pasha will remain one of the main figures that formed the Balkan history; one who affected the history of the Ottoman Empire and especially the history of Albania.

Ali Paşa Tepelenë | Ottoman leader |

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