BIGUANIDAS FARMACOLOGIA PDF

farmacología básica introducción. concepto, evolución histórica, subdivisión de la farmacología concepto la farmacología es aquella ciencia que trata de los. T.4 Farmacologia. Course: Farmacologia ().p2hv{}.p2hv. stopoverlappingourstyleplease{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;width: px;padding Antibacterianos/farmacologia Bandagens Biguanidas/farmacologia Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem.

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Medical Management of Type 2 Diabetes. Recently the use of a dressing soaked in a 0. Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U. Effects of Obesity and Diabetes Following a glucose challenge after overnight fasting, plasma insulin levels are dependent upon obesity as well as diabetes. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy.

Basic Characteristics of Metformin Metformin, the sole available representative of the biguanide class in the United States, decreases hepatic glucose production. On the one hand, this PHMB soaked dressing inhibits bacterial growth in the areas where it is applied and, on the other hand, it prevents the penetration of microorganisms through the dressing itself.

Plasma Glucose Cutoff Points The most recent criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes include new plasma glucose cutoff points. As opposed to porous gauze dressings, a PHMB dressing remains active during 72 hours even in wet environs. Adaptado do site da Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes 2. However, obese individuals with type 2 diabetes have higher post-glucose insulin levels than do thin individuals with normal glucose tolerance, thus demonstrating the persistence of the effect of obesity on insulin secretion.

Gestational diabetes mellitus is a fourth type in this new classification system. Insulin levels in the fasting state are dependent upon the degree of obesity. Dressings soaked in polyhexamethylene biguanide PHMB ].

Farmacologia en la tercera edad by on Prezi

farmacologla Simultaneously while a PHMB soaked dressing carries out these actions, it creates viguanidas environment favorable to the proliferation of the normal flora found in the epidermis. Any method may be used for the repeat test.

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To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. The cutoff points for the intermediate stage of hyperglycemia denoted by the terms impaired fasting glucose IFG and impaired glucose tolerance IGT have been adjusted to conform to the new diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus.

Prevalence rates rose with age, with a plateau after age 75 years. The main risk associated with the use of metformin is the potential for lactic acidosis, which is increased in patients with renal impairment or hepatic disease and cardiac or respiratory insufficiency. Summary of the second report of farmacologiz NCEP expert panel on the detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol.

Fxrmacologia sulfonylureas may be given once or twice daily, while repaglinide, the only agent in the meglitinides group available in the United States, is given three times daily. The highest prevalence rates These agents are thus effective only if functioning pancreatic b-cells are present.

It reduces the plasma level of glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c by 1. Mechanisms of Action The six classes of therapeutic agents used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may be divided into three groups by their basic mechanism biguanias action. The hyperglycemia may be the result of defects in insulin secretion or insulin sensitivity, or both.

DIABETES MELLITUS Farmacologia Nutrição – ppt carregar

Standards of medical care for patients with diabetes mellitus. Its wide anti-micro-bacterial range prevents infections in surgical, acute or chronic wounds and in any type of intra-corporal access susceptible to infection, such as by means of intravascular catheters, tracheotomies, or thoracic tubes.

Basic Characteristics of the Sulfonylureas and the Meglitinides The insulin secretagogues, which include the sulfonylureas and the meglitinides, lower plasma glucose by augmenting insulin secretion by the pancreatic b-cells. Sobre projeto SlidePlayer Termos de uso. It is generally given one to three times daily; therapy is initiated at a low dose, which is gradually raised. Minor gastrointestinal side effects, such as diarrhea and nausea, may farmacoologia alleviated by lowering the dose.

The main risk accompanying sulfonylurea treatment is the potential for prolonged hypoglycemia. Slama et al, Lancetp Plasma lipid values are based on those recommended by the American Diabetes Association and the National Cholesterol Education Program. This agent works only in the presence of insulin, which may be of endogenous or exogenous origin.

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After a glucose challenge, both thin and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes demonstrate reduced early insulin responses when compared with their respective control groups.

Efficacy of metformin in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

A PHMB dressing can also be used as a primary covering to treat a chronic wound since it does not interfere in the process of tissue reepithelization. When an oral glucose tolerance test OGTT is higuanidas, the 2-hour plasma glucose PG test is used to make the diagnosis. Traditionally gauze dressings have been used to cover and protect wounds although their porous structure does not constitute an efficient barrier against bacterial penetration, especially bifuanidas a dressing becomes wet due to the effects of a wound oozing and draining.

Registro Esqueceu sua senha? Three Methods The most recent diagnostic criteria for diabetes specify that the diagnosis may be made biguanixas one of three methods: Two major forms of diabetes are recognized in the most recent classification scheme, which was developed by The Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus, an international group, and has been adopted by both the American Diabetes Association and the World Health Organization.

N Engl J Med.

During treatment with the insulin secretagogues, a reduction of glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c by approximately 1. The significance of basal insulin levels in the evaluation of the insulin response to glucose in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects. Higuanidas Diabetes Association; Type 2 diabetes includes those cases that result from insulin resistance accompanied by a defect in insulin secretion.

Bell P, Hadden D.