BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Canarium schweinfurthii is a large forest tree with its crown reaching to the upper canopy of the forest, with a long clean, straight and. Canarium schweinfurthii Engl., commonly known as African elemi, is a species of large tree native to tropical Africa with economically useful oleoresin and. Canarium schweinfurthii Engl. (Burseraceae): An Updated Review and Future Direction for Sickle Cell Disease. Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua. 1,⃰.

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Both the leaves and the fruits of the Canarium schweinfurthii have similar features with Dacryodes edulis however Canarium schweinfurthii is more cshweinfurthii and requires intense process to get softened. The seeds of the African elemi fruit can be separated from the outer fruit flesh, which can be used for ornamental purposes or can be stored for many other purposes.


The fruit measures approximately 35mm long and the tree is characterised by big crown that is capable of touching the upper canopy of the forest.

The seeds of the African elemi contain many fatty acids such as stearic, oleic, palmitic and linoleic acid. Consumption Purposes African elemi is an edible fruit that can be consumed raw but preferably softened in warm water to boost the taste. It can be used as an ingredient for preparing dishes. African elemi can be cooked and processed into a fruity-butter that can serve as a shea-butter substitute.


Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.

Treatment of Intestinal Worms The resins collected from the elemi tree can be used for preparing herbal medicines that treat and fight against intestinal worms such as roundworm. The resin can be collected by cutting the tree bark so that the colourless resin can drizzle to the ground where it crystallizes into a thick yellowish sulphur resin. The trees can serve as firewood that easily ignite to generate high heat. Furthermore, the resins serve as local candles that burn very well.

Treatment of Gastrointestinal diseases Elemi bark is purgative in nature and it can be decocted and used for treating gastrointestinal diseases such as food poisoning, constipation, stomach upset, ulcer and dysentery. The residue from the combustion of the resins is gathered as carbon black that can be used for producing inks. Ornamental Purposes The seeds can be used for ornamental purposes such as making necklaces, bangles and costumes.

The seeds can also be used for making local instruments. Dermatological Care The resins serve as emollient, which is effective for treating skin infections schweinfhrthii as eczema, skin rashes, prickly heat.

Treatment of Cough The leaves can be squeezed and used alone or combined with other herbs for treating coughs and cold. Wound Dressing Elemi resin serves as an alternative for mastic used for dressing wounds. Treatment of Leprosy African elemi bark can be crushed and used for treating and preventing leprosy attack.


Protection against Adenites Elemi root offers protection against adenites, which is a disease condition caused as a result of the inflammation of a gland. Treatment schseinfurthii Wounds Ube osa seeds can be roasted and crushed into powder form, which is mixed with ointments for treating wounds.

Erosion Control The giant elemi tree offers protection to the soil against erosion and also acts as a windbreak. Construction Purposes The wood can be used for constructing boats, mortars, flooring and furniture. Insect Repellent The resins can be used to repel mosquitoes. Remember to always consult your healthcare provider before making any health-related decisions or for counselling, guidance and treatment about a specific medical condition.

Plant Foods Human Nutrition 54 1pp.

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A and Menut, C. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 39, p. U and Maliki, M African Journal of Biotechnology. Nigeria Research Journal of Biological Sciences 3 9p. Conti J Phar Sci 5: We pledge to keep your email safe.

Benefits of Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.