Economic history. Chisumbanje Ethanol Plant: Institutional frameworks and implications for land use of public private sector development initiatives in the rural. Chisumbanje Ethanol Plant: Zimbabwe’s milestone: The resumption of operations at the Chisumbanje Ethanol Plant and the subsequent uptake of the E The Chisumbanje Ethanol Project is a national project of great strategic importance where ethanol is produced from sugarcane. The project.

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Inthe Ministry of Agriculture established the Chisumbanje Experiment Station for the purpose of evaluating the agricultural production potential of the soils under promect irrigation within the Chisumbanje area. Inthe Research Station confirmed a potential 40, hectares of irrigable soils and, thereafter, the Chisumbanje Development Company Pvt Ltd was registered in to promote the mandate of irrigation and development on the 40, hectares.

Background to the Land | Green Fuel

In an American based consultant company, E. L Bateman Inc, was appointed to undertake a study for the development of a 15, hectare sugarcane estate. The study was finalised, however the proposed project was halted by the commencement of the war.

After the liberation war the Ministry of Agriculture established the Agricultural and Rural Development Authority, ARDAwith the primary mandate to plan, coordinate, implement, promote and assist with agricultural development in Zimbabwe. ARDA was given ownership over a number of properties around Zimbabwe and entered into lease agreements with the Local Rural District Councils over others and began to chissumbanje and farm the land in line with its mandate.


Keen to exploit the agricultural potential in Zimbabwe, the Government at the time instructed ARDA to commission various studies in the Greater Chisumbanje Area, not only for agricultural purposes but also for the establishment of an ethanol plant. The most comprehensive study was carried out by Atkins Consulting Engineers UK inwhich was accepted, ethnol the time, as the blueprint for future expansion.

Chisumbanjw Report estimated that an area of approximately 35, hectares would be available for agricultural purposes, after making allowances for settlement villages and infrastructure.

InARDA embarked on a turnaround strategy and drive to find investment partners to rehabilitate their properties and pursue a vibrant social responsibility agenda for the benefit of the rural population, which to date has been successful.

Initially wheat was planted on the basis that new hybrids and technology, together with an improved irrigation system, could make this a viable project. Unfortunately the environment was not conducive to wheat agriculture and, as the area had historically shown, did not produce cost effective wheat farming.

Chisumbanje ethanol project set to restart – NewsDay Zimbabwe

For example, only 4 tons per hectare could be achieved as opposed to a location such as Mazoe where 8 tons per hectare chisumbnaje harvested at the same costs.

In addition, a solution to the extreme power outages experienced in the area was needed in order to undertake the necessary irrigation required to grow any crop in the area. After much deliberation, the decision to turn to pdoject agriculture was made jointly with ARDA.


ARDA agreed to produce food crops on their other estates, leaving the Lowveld free to produce sugarcane — which was traditionally grown in this etthanol for many years. The introduction of sugarcane and highly mechanized farming techniques resulted in 3, hectares under cultivation in Middle Sabi with a target of 9, hectares and approximately 6, hectares in Chisumbanje with a target of 36, hectares provided that investment is made available. Within an 18 month period the Macdom Chisumbanje and Rating Middle Sabi Estates were transformed into successful sugarcane estates.

As a result, significant investment was made into the infrastructure of the estates, including pump houses, roads and buildings. Rating and Macdom secured off-take agreements with Green Fuel Pvt Limited and this offered the investors and ARDA a secure market for the sugar cane together with ensuring a constant power supply chisumbanhe irrigation.


Green Fuel started purchasing sugarcane from Ratings and Macdom inwhen the first ethanol was manufactured by the factory. In line with this directive, Green Fuel, Macdom and ARDA who represent the Government of Zimbabwe entered into a Joint Venture Agreement based upon the initial commercial value of the contributions brought to the project to cgisumbanje.

Background to the Land.