DownloadAndrzej siemaszko granice tolerancji pdf. Just one friend on an HTC. DNA. We source our products from the UK, Europe and the USA. Best. Practices . Siemaszko, A. () Granice tolerancji. O teoriach zachowań dewiacyjnych, Warszawa. ——— () Kogo biją, komu kradną. Przestępczość nie rejestrowana. Dzieci gorszych szans, Wyd. KKWR, Warszawa. Siemaszko, A. (). Granice tolerancji. O teoriach zachowań dewiacyjnych. Wyd. Naukowe PWN, Warszawa.

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The following article analyses opinions of lower secondary school students on criminal acts committed by juveniles in order to estimate factors conducive to them and to reconstruct motivational processes that lead to crime.

The study was conducted among lower secondary school students, i. The survey study of youth on the issue of juvenile delinquency, including its psycho-social determinants, should be the starting point of effective preventive actions, whose essence is to counteract threats of social maladjustment and tolsrancji behaviour. Introduction — The theoretical context. In Western countries the final stages of evolutional development of mass juvenile crime fell on the sixties and seventies of the 20 th century.

In Poland, however, until juvenile delinquency was regarded as a sign of social pathology and was associated with a narrow margin of society and highly pathological siemaszlo that required greater interest of institutions providing social service and preventive — rehabilitative institutions [ii]. The overall increase in crime in our country afterlargely caused by transformations of our society in social, political, cultural and economical areas, showed the need for scientific definition of the phenomenon of crime in its quantitative as well as toleracji aspect [iii].

The official police [iv] and court statistics referring to the past several years and presenting the size and character of juvenile crime, indicate three main tendencies occurring in it: This results in the growing interests of representatives of various granive disciplines, especially of criminologists, in study on juvenile delinquency, which additionally arises, according to B.

According to the author, the population of juvenile offenders requires special care due to few reasons. Firstly, due to further lives toleancji this group of young people, their future preparation to life and performance of social roles and duties are important. Secondly, we must consider the danger that threatens not only this particular group of adolescents but the whole society.

Early social maladjustment manifested, inter alia, by siemxszko crimes may lead to further social derailment. Symptoms of social maladjustment, having their origins in childhood and early adolescence, are likely to gain on intensity and become the base for development of other forms of deviation, which makes it hard for juveniles to adapt to the requirements of life in the society and to functioning in it as its full member.

And lastly, we should consider the danger of enhancing sources of adult crimes by juvenile offenders, who may eventually become adult criminals ttolerancji. According to the Polish criminal law, juveniles [vii] generally do not commit crimes, therefore offences committed by them are not called crimes except those defined in art.

In the literature on the subject, one may find great number of theories [ix] explaining causes of committing criminal offences by juveniles. The most general classification distinguishes between biological, psychological and sociological standpoints toleracnji the basis of which we try to explain the genesis of criminal behaviour of juveniles and tloerancji define factors affecting their occurrence.

The tolerancjji of the following study analyses opinions of lower secondary school students [x] on the issues of crimes committed by juveniles in order to determine factors conducive to their occurrence and reconstruction of motivational processes that lead to crime.


The study was conducted among lower secondary school students i. It is in adolescents nature to gradually addict themselves to authorities, to verify cognitive, emotional and social content as well as to acquire skill at understanding relativity of particular rights.

Moreover, during this period of life, the understanding of conventionality of certain social arrangements and ability to critical analysis of norms are shaped. Hence, the attempt to look at the determinants of crime from the perspective of individuals who are at the same age or close to the age of juveniles offenders.

Results of the study. It was based on a diagnostic survey in the form of an interview questionnaire. The object of the study were randomly selected girls and 84 boys at the age from 13 to It may be related to the generally increasing awareness of our society, including adolescents, in the issue of crime, but also to direct contact of adolescents with the discussed issue in their environment.

The smallest number of the tolrrancji students 24 people, graniec. The rest of the surveyed individuals do not have any opinion on the subject. The surveyed youth indicated on few widely understood socio-economic factors tranice social problems that, in their opinion, are most strongly associated with juvenile crime graph siemawzko. Among many macro-social problems seimaszko factors that are conducive to juvenile crime, the largest group of the surveyed individuals, i.

Granice tolerancji : o teoriach zachowań dewiacyjnych

Young people are conscious of the fact that alcohol abuse may tolsrancji direct or indirect cause of criminal activity, and that it results in changes in the personality of an alcohol abusing person that determine specific criminal behaviour. Toleranfji than a half of the respondents students, i.

Furthermore, the respondents drew attention to the fact that juveniles who commit crimes are often raised in bad environmental conditions that systematically pose difficult situations for them, which leads to manifest their defence mechanisms.

Their behaviour is characterized by the whole set of symptoms that show that they do not obey certain fundamental standards of behaviour and social, moral and legal norms. In this group of factors, the surveyed enclosed, above all, poverty students, i.

Generally, young people grow up in three, natural for the development of an individual, environments: In all of them tolerancjj are characteristic determinants shaping their behaviour. In these environments adolescents may meet with acceptance or disapproval of their actions and their specific moral, social, legal effects. In the search for environmental causes of juvenile crime, the respondents were asked to point out those which, according to them, have the most significant effect on committing crimes by juveniles graph no.

Environments and social factors affecting juvenile crime, according to the respondents. The students drew special attention to the outer-school informal environment peer groups, playground friends that are created spontaneously or according to some kind of plan, in which young people search for acceptance and in which they share imposed standards of behaviour.

Adolescents are very easily influenced and they copy patterns of behaviour, in this case those negative. The second most frequently indicated students, i.

A family that manifests wrong parental patterns or that struggles with the problem of addiction, e.

Granice tolerancji: o teoriach zachowań dewiacyjnych – Andrzej Siemaszko – Google Books

Media have also considerable influence on shaping of criminal behaviour among juveniles 65 respondents, i. Although media affect juveniles indirectly, in the opinion of the respondents this influence is significant especially toleranci acts of violence in various forms. According to the questioned students, school is also a source of criminal behaviours 44 respondents, i. External determinants of juvenile criminal behaviour, according to the surveyed adolescents.


Among direct motives for criminal behaviour of exogenous character, young people indicated above all pressure of toleranfji peer group student, i. The respondents student, i. The already mentioned motive is often connected with another mentioned by the students factor, that is a desire to gain material benefits 81 respondents, i.

One of the next questions concerned the group of criminal behaviour motives referring directly to a juvenile offender. The group included biological, ggranice, physiological and medical character etc.

The motives for criminal behaviour connected with juveniles. According to the respondents main motives for criminal toleranccji are low self-esteem of adolescents respondents, i. The mentioned above factors make young people search for acceptance in environments other than a family or a school, unfortunately they most often look for it in groups of negative character. Adolescents consider boredom, curiosity 59 respondents, i. Considerably fewer respondents 56 respondents, i. The surveyed adolescents also indicated problems at school 42 respondents, i.

Lower level of knowledge, inappropriate behaviour, repeating of school years etc. This is why such students undertake various actions in order to vent their frustration and anger.

The factors often accumulate, resulting in difficulties in determining which cause was primal and which was secondary in its character.

The gained results of the study help us state that the surveyed secondary school students note the problem of juvenile delinquency and are aware of the social tolefancji individual dangers connected with it. The main macro-social determinants of juvenile delinquency, according to the questioned youth, are addictions alcohol, drugs and poverty.

A key educational environment that causes criminal behaviour among young people are peer groups and a family. These factors, as it was mentioned earlier, determines themselves mutually and in consequence there is often toletancji genetic cause, rather than a simple causal explanation of juvenile criminal behaviour. Hence, conducting further research and analyses in this subject are highly recommended. Juvenile Delinquency[in: Delinquency of Juvenile Girls.

It is a The decrease affected all types of crime. In the case of juvenile crime we cannot forget about crimes related to alcohol or drug addiction, in connection with which one observes increasing tendency. CriminologyWarsaw, PWN, p. Journal of Laws vol.

They can be divided into two groups: Whereas, a crime is a socially dangerous act with statuory features of prohibited act, unlawful, culpable, and threatened by a penalty defined in the Act. Psychological Determinants of Juvenile Delinquency.

Teoria i praktyka pedagogiczna Eng. Pedagogical Theory and Siemszkoed. In the Polish system of education, lower secondary schools so-called: Dictionary of Psychologyed.

Szewczuk, Warsaw, Wiedza Powszechna, p. The text presents the selected aspect of the studied issue referring to perception of psychosocial determinants of juvenile delinquency.

Diritto Criminologia e criminalistica. External determinants of juvenile criminal behaviour, according to the surveyed adolescents Among direct motives for criminal behaviour of exogenous character, young people indicated above all pressure of a peer group student, i. The motives for criminal behaviour connected with juveniles According to the respondents main motives for criminal behaviour are low self-esteem of adolescents respondents, i.

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