Developed in the midst of the ideological and practical struggles of the s by activist‐scholar Maulana Karenga, Kawaida understands itself. And we use it to address critical issues of our time in this year’s 34th Annual Seminar in Kawaida Social Theory and Practice, July Kawaida Theory: An African Communitarian Philosophy [Maulana Karenga] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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The philosophy of the cultural nationalist theory and movement called kawaida a Swahili word meaning “tradition” or “reason,” pronounced ka-wa-EE-da is a synthesis of nationalist, pan-Africanist, and socialist ideologies. It was created and defined by Maulana Karenga during the height of black pride and self-awareness that kawaiida the Black Power movement in Karenga theoory that black people needed a change of consciousness before they could mount a political struggle to empower themselves.
Kawaida Theory: An African Communitarian Philosophy
He argued that the reclamation of thheory African value system based on the nguzo saba seven principles of umoja unitykujichagulia selfdeterminationujima collective work and responsibilityujamaa cooperative economicsnia purposekuumba creativityand imani faith would serve as a catalyst to motivate, intensify, and sustain the black struggle against racism. This value system, which served as the basis of kawaida, would provide the foundation for a new African-American culture defined in terms of mythology religion ; history; social, economic, and political kawaidq creative production; and ethos.
Kawaida, the guiding philosophy behind Karenga’s California-based kawaiea nationalist organization, called US, was introduced to a wider audience of African Americans at the National Conference on Black Power in Newark, New Jerseyin Although some African Americans criticized the ideology for not mounting a revolutionary challenge to the economic status quo, the search for connections to an African past and the ideal of unifying the black nation had widespread appeal. Amiri Barakaa writer and militant activist, became the chief spokesperson for the ideology in the late s and was key to its popularization.
Baraka believed that kawaida could be used to politicize the black masses, and he supported the creation of community theaters and schools that focused on African cultural values.
In the late s he became head of the Temple of Kawaida in Newark, Thheory Jerseywhich taught African religionsand he played a key role in the creation of Kawaida Towers, a lowand middle-income housing project in Newark, during the early s. Baraka sought to bridge the gaps between culture, politics, and economics, and by he had reinterpreted kawaida to include a socialist critique of capitalism.
Kawaida’s influence in black America continued to grow, and the ideology provided a basis for the development of theories of Afrocentricity in the late s and s. NAKO sponsors workshops, forums, and symposia to promote kawaiad of and appreciation for Africa in the black community.
Philosophy, Principles, and Program
The most influential expression of kawaida is Kwanza, an African-American holiday based on the nguzo sabawhich Karenga created in Third World Press, Kawaida, National Liberation, and Socialism. Van Deburg, William L. New Day in Babylon: University of Chicago Press, Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
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SAGE Reference – Kawaida
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