Download Citation on ResearchGate | LA DEFINICION DE PSICOLOGIA/ FRED S. KELLER; TR. JORGE LUZORO | INDICE TRADUCCION DE: THE. Title, La definición de psicología. Author, Fred S. Keller. Publisher, Trillas, ISBN, , Length, pages. Export Citation. Fred S. Keller. Trillas, – Psychology Fred Simmons Keller No preview available – Bibliographic information. QR code for La definición de psicología.

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Behavior analysis in Ibero-America. El legado de B. Twenty years after his death August 18 thB. Skinner leaves five major living legacies: Behavior analysis is recognized for its international active presence. Its growth provides a set of opportunities for knowledge and technology transference and reminds us the importance of working for the development of educational and research programs and the arrangement of contingencies which enable its advance. In Ibero-America, behavior analysis, as a Skinnerian legacy, has been an important tradition within psychology.

In this article we will present a current synthesis of the central Ibero-American contributions to Behavior analysis. The panorama of Behavior analysis in Ibero-America will be analyzed according to the following dimensions: Finally, some of the most general characteristics of Ibero-American Behavior analysis are included. Skinnerexperimental analysis of behavior, applied behavior analysis, behaviorism, Ibero-America. Skinner deja cinco grandes legados vigentes: August 18 th was the date of the twentieth anniversary of the death of B.

Skinner, the most influential American psychologist to date.

The above statement can be based on the study by Haggbloom et kwller. Citations in journals; 2. Citations in texts; 3. A survey to psychologists; 4.

Inclusion as a member of the National Academy of Sciences U.

definicon Winner al the APA Award; 6. Election as the APA President; 7. Eponym detected keyword associated with the author. The life and work of B. Skinner may be defined as a neobehaviorist psychologist or behaviorist of the second generation along with E.

This article presents an updated synthesis of krller most important Ibero-American contributions to the Behavior analysis. The following dimensions will be contemplated for this purpose: Finally, Ibero-American behavior analysis general characteristics are included.

Inin the province of San Juan, the first Latin-American experimental psychology laboratory was founded being Victor Mercante the important person commissioned for this event. Brazil is one of the pioneer countries of Behavior analysis in Latin America.

The genesis of the Experimental analysis of behavior in Brazil is associated with Carolina Bori and her work with Fred S.

Keller a scholar from the University of Columbia ; authors like Ardila and Todorov describe this encounter as the beginning of a “fruitful academic definixion. Due to the coup occurred ina difficult period of international scientific interchange begun; specifically, an important period of Chilean researchers emigration took place during that time; among those researchers was Sergio Yulis, who left the country and established in Canada.

One of the Ibero-American behavior analysis leading countries is Colombia, country where Ruben Ardila, one of the psicollgia internationally recognized authors in the field, was born. Given the advantages of a behavioral science for explaining the subjects of study in an efficient way, results quite possible future professionals and researchers in Costa Rica will be motivated to work on the development of our field Villalobos et al.

In Spain, early XX century scientific psychology was latent in other disciplines. In the same way than other Latin American countries did, Spicologia suffer the consequences of adverse social and political conditions during the w 20 th century. During this period of time some religious personalities took care of the Spanish psychology; among them, Manuel Barbado was an important figure who clearly rejected Watsonian behaviorism and all his revolutionary ideas.

This project was finally accomplished in under the title ” Walden Dos.

Books by Fred Keller

In Guatemala, same as in Costa Rica and Centro America in general, Behavior analysis has had ,a an applied presence; in the case of countries like Salvador, the recent and open political commitment has generated more behavioral analytic presence in the undergraduate university curriculums, in therapy training programs and in some postgraduate courses Villalobos et al.


Mexico has been an outstanding country because of its basic and applied behavior analysis trajectory. In that country, several groups made an effort to organize themselves in a manner which would contribute to the experimental analysis of behavior. This is mostly evident in a scholars group distributed across several universities around the country, and in the formation of groups and societies that facilitated associations between the basic and applied worlds.

In Argentina, experimental psychology had its greatest development at Universidad de Buenos Aires and Universidad de la Plata.

At that time, in A existed a positivist tradition which understood psychic activity from a naturalist perspective Papini, Nevertheless, Argentina felt the strong influence of a spiritualist movement.

This began to steer the helm towards an indeterminist conception, heightened by the formation of careers in psychology stressing a psychoanalytic perspective, which lasts to this day Papini, However, today it is possible to find associations which sponsor or support research and applications in behavioral analysis, such as the following: Subsequently, inthe Ley de Universidades Universities Law was passed under the kelled regime.

Many schools of psychology contain laboratories that support learning and research. These have aided in the formation of professionals and future researchers who are already presenting their contributions z behavioral analysis, both basic and applied e. This orientation was called “experimentalismFand had some influence at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

InArdila founded in the Universidad de los Andes an animal learning laboratory; during the same period of time existed the locally “famous” Laboratory of Experimental Psychology Watson Vinaccia, Today, almost all the psychology programs in Colombia include some sort of instruction in behavior analysis and have laboratories practices that make part of basic and applied formation.

Besides the before mentioned presence of Experimental analysis of behavior and Applied behavior analysis in the Colombian universities, is worthwhile to mention this country was the place where one of the most important associations of professionals and researchers in behavior analysis was created: However, like in many other countries, and as was common to psychology in general, psychological research in Spain was performed by other fields, particularly those tied to medicine and education.

Likewise, courses covering wholly psychological content were mostly imparted by faculties of philosophy and literature see Carpintero, Inthe Complutense University of Madrid oversees the creation of the first Laboratory of Operant Behavior, in its faculty of philosophy and literature, as well as the Laboratory of Behavioral Psychology, in its faculty of medicine.

A few years later, both were fded to configurate the Laboratorio de Conducta Ruiz et al.

La definición de psicología

Inthe government approved a law that allowed for an independent Spanish degree in psychology, with a curriculum programmed over five years for the achievement of a Master of Arts degree in psychology. This allowed for the formation of research groups run by notable scholars, which published their findings through international journals.

Thanks to their educational efforts, these laboratories went on to become true centers for the formation of future experimental psychologists see Carpintero, In the case of Mexico, the Xalapa project experience is exemplary.

With all these achievements, the Universidad Veracruzana in the city of Xalapa became the most important place for the Experimental analysis of behavior in Mexico. Not only were courses dictated on the mechanisms for behavioral modification, but administrative projects were developed to create laboratories and research programs.

This design included a curricular arrangement which strongly favored a psychological formation based on the principles of objective science and experimental procedures. Consequently, the Iztacala project not only promoted further enhancement for numerous scholastic enthusiasts, but also attracted professors, from various Latin American countries, who were enduring the turmoil of armed conflicts in their respective nations.

Similarly, the UNAM was visited and assessed by important professors of international renown, such as Schoenfeld, Bijou, and Kantor, among others. Among these, we have: That country has seen the establishment of numerous organizations and associations which share a common focus in behavioral analysis. Among these, the following stand out Benites Morales, In Argentina, the lines of research that utilized the experimental analysis of behavior have been related to psychophysiology, pedagogy, and both normal and pathological psychology.


However, it is important to note that these advances predominantly took place at faculties or schools distinct from psychology, particularly the biomedical fields. In this context, the addressed topics include anger mechanisms, interspecies communication between domestic dogs and humans, and single case studies with autistic individuals Mustaca, In Colombia, the tradition of research in behavioral analysis has initially revolved around animal studies, as well as research related to several applied fields.

This last was concerned with the application of operant principles to various topics.

Other publications with similar tendencies appeared in the following journals: Colombia has been one of the Ibero-American countries, along with Mexico and Spain, to lead the research based on the Experimental analysis of behavior. As an applied science, there have mainly been contributions in the areas of special education, clinical psychology, and health.

In the realm of basic science, advances have been made in early learning, behavioral pharmacology, classical conditioning, negative reinforcement, and choice behavior.

In Chile, research in behavioral psychology is centered on the applications to health, education, organizations, and social fields; developing, as of late, a focus on evidence-based intervention Vera-Villarroel et al. In Costa Rica, the Behavior analysis is an incipient discipline. Currently, work has been done in the fields of education, behavioral medicine, clinical application, behavioral management of organizations, sport, and addictive behavior; in general, a truly broad range of applied fields Villalobos, et al.

In Spain, at the same time the principles of human behavior began to gain acceptance in the applied world, basic research on humans and other animals continued developing inside the laboratories, focused mainly on the effects of aversive stimulation, avoidance behavior, operant conditioning, and physiological responses, among others. Among the lines of research developed in Mexico, one can mention basic experimental research, social psychology, organizational psychology, pharmacology, ecology, health, and education.

A portion of this research and valuable reflections have been published in the main Mexican psychological journal: Penagos y Aguilar, ; Greer et al. Despite being supported by distinguished research centers, such as the CEIC at the Universidad de Guadalajara, the publication Acta Comportamentaliaunder the direction of professor Emilio Ribes, has not been sufficiently prominent in the Ibero-American context.

However, it is clear that its leadership, focusing on experimental and theoretic work for over 50 years, is one of the most relevant in Ibero-America. In Peru, experimental behavior analysis has possessed an eminently applied character, especially in the fields of education, special education, and clinical psychology Benites Morales, Also this country has published one of the journals specialized in behavior analysis: Aprendizaje y Comportamientoedited by Rafael Navarro Cueva.

Fred S. Keller (Author of La definición de psicología)

Lastly, while lines of research may not be abundant in Venezuela, they certainly show strong diversity; from research into basic animal conditioning dwfinicion applications in the field of child development see Dembo and Guevara, Behavioral analysis in Ibero-America has not had edfinicion easy path.

On the contrary, it has been characterized by the enduring of multiple obstacles of different kinds. For example, in the case of Spain, Brazil, and Chile, military interventions stunted preliminary initiatives. In these countries, scientific activity could only be resumed once repression was no longer a threat to the development of experimental analysis of behavior. Additionally, it is often the case that distinguished figures in various countries have maintained their interest and contributions to behavioral science, despite the dominant perspectives which are neither behavioral nor experimental.

However, these efforts have not managed to institutionalize the development of the experimental defniicion of behavior; instead, the institutionalization process continues.

Another characteristic of behavioral analysis in Ibero-America is the predominant interest for the applied field over basic science.